A study published in 2012 concluded that Romani populations have a high frequency of a particular Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA that are only found in populations from South Asia. It is now thought that the Roma people migrated to Europe from India about 1,500 years ago.
Romani with their wagon, photographed in the Rheinland of Germany in 1935. About 11 million people worldwide, according to the New York Times, and about a million in the United States, according to Time, belong to an ethnic group known as the Roma or Romani. They are more commonly called Gypsies or travelers.
The Romani are widely known among English-speaking people by the exonym “Gypsies” (or Gipsies). Other exonyms are Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians and Sinti. Romani are dispersed, with their concentrated populations in Europe—especially Central and Eastern Europe and Turkey, Spain and Southern France.