Some people (who wish to stay anonymous) think that, this is a better representation of what the ancient Egyptians actually looked like.
Curran vividly recreates this first wave of European Egyptomania with insightful interpretations of the period’s artistic and literary works. In doing so, he paints a colorful picture of a time in which early moderns made the first efforts to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphs, and popes and princes erected pyramids and other Egyptianate marvels to commemorate their own authority. Demonstrating that the emergence of ancient Egypt as a distinct category of historical knowledge was one of Renaissance humanism’s great accomplishments, Curran’s peerless study will be required reading for Renaissance scholars and anyone interested in the treasures and legacy of ancient Egypt.
Statue of Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria, Emperor of Mexico; located in the park of Miramare Castle near Trieste, Italy; sculpture by Johannes Schilling (1875)
Egypt–Italy relations refer to relations between Egypt and Italy. Relations were first established during the period of the Roman Republic, when the Ptolemaic Kingdom frequently interacted with Rome, culminating in the Roman annexation of Egypt in 30 BC. With the dissolution of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and Egypt’s continuation as a province of the Eastern Roman Empire until the Islamic conquest in 642 AD, there were no independent states of Italy and Egypt, and as such no diplomatic relations. Cultural ties between Egypt and Italy distanced further over time with the Islamisation of Egypt and the strength of Catholicism in Italy. It would not be until Egypt’s official independence from the Ottomans in 1914 that relations with Italy would be reestablished. With the rise of Mussolini and fascism in Italy and the eventual Italian invasion of Egypt during World War II, relations became severely strained. However, after the war, relations were re-established and the countries now have a cordial relationship. Egypt has an embassy in both Rome and Milan, while Italy has an embassy in both Cairo and Alexandria. Egypt and Italy are both members of the Union for the Mediterranean.
Italiano: Monumento a Massimiliano d’Austria nel Parco del Castello di Miramare, Grignano, Trieste.
Italian Renaissance interpreters of all the Egyptian obelisks, hieroglyphs, and sphinxes brought to Italy by the ancient Romans. Long before anyone had made any sense of Egyptian languages, Renaissance antiquarians were left only with Horapollo, the confused, eccentric histories of Egypt passed down from antique authors, and the mysterious artifacts themselves. Despite such difficulties (indeed, because Egyptian artifacts were so esoteric) the antiquarian set developed a fascination for all things Egyptian. This used to be called “Egyptomania,” but for Curran, the term reflects the sort of condescending attitudes that have kept Egyptology outside the mainstream of Renaissance studies.